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Water Jet Cutters

A reliable source for Water Jet Cutters information and leading Water Jet Cutters Companies.

Water jet cutters, sometimes referred to as a water jet or waterjet, are industrial instruments that cut a wide range of materials using a high-pressure jet of water or a solution of water mixed with abrasive media. Read More…

Water Jet Cutters Water jet cutters use high-pressure and high-velocity streams of water to cut through material with extreme precision.
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Leading Manufacturers

Bellmawr, NJ  |  800-210-5000

For over 100 years, Mercer Gasket & Shim has been a leader in the waterjet cutting industry. Our highly equipped professionals work alongside our customers to ensure that we are meeting their needs. Mercers Gasket & Shim has perfected our techniques over the years in order to serve the needs of diverse markets.

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Mercer Gasket & Shim $$$

Tucker, GA  |  866-500-6098

Cutting Experts has worked with our clients to custom make products for their needs since 1977. We have expert staff, a wide variety of materials, and the best technology available. Our clients work hand in hand with our experts to create a product that has unrivaled craftsmanship. As the industry grows, Cutting Experts strives to continuously be the best in the industry.

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Cutting Experts $$$

Kearny, NE  |  308-627-6533

Mach 1 Manufacturing is one of the best waterjet cutting manufacturers in the industry. Our advanced technology and expert team allow us to cut complicated, detailed designs into a wide range of materials. Our large waterjet cutting bed is 24 feet by 6 feet and can cut materials that are up to 8 inches thick.

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Mach 1 Manufacturing $$$

Anaheim, CA  |  714-278-9874

Advanced Waterjet & Laser is a precision waterjet cutting and laser engraving shop that has the capacity to cut virtually any solid up to 6" thick including stone, plastic and metals. We have developed a very successful glass cutting technique as well. We cater to the smaller run with no minimums. What can we cut for you?

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Advanced Waterjet & Laser $$$

Glens Falls, NY  |  518-798-5462

Barton International is a leading manufacturer and provider of abrasive blasting and waterjet cutting services. With more than 142 years of operation and five generations of the Barton family's leadership, we have cemented ourselves as one of the most trustworthy names in the industry. Today, we have forty stocking locations across North America and have expanded our product offering to more than 3000 Waterjet parts. Visit our website to learn more about our products or make an order.

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Barton International $$$

Grand Rapids, MI  |  616-453-4360

Precision Wire EDM has been a leader in the waterjet cutting industry since 1991. We are known throughout the industry for our high quality and fast turnaround times. In addition, precision Wire EDM offers 24/7 service to help meet the needs of our customers. We are ISO 9001:2015 certified.

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Precision Wire EDM $$$
placeholder image Mercer Gasket & Shim Cutting Experts Mach 1 Manufacturing Advanced Waterjet & Laser Barton International Precision Wire EDM

How Does Waterjet Cutting Work?

A high-pressure stream of water combined with an abrasive substance is used in waterjet cutting to cut a variety of materials. The water is pressurized by a high-pressure water pump. High-pressure tubing carries this water to the cutting head. The water passes via a nozzle inside the cutting head to create an incredibly fine stream. Whatever is placed in front of this stream is cut.

Water jet cutting

Types of Waterjet Cutting Methods.

  • Abrasive waterjet cutting
  • Pure waterjet cutting

Abrasive waterjet cutting

Abrasive waterjet cutting (AWJC) is a good method for cutting of hard or poorly machinable materials including titanium alloys, ceramics, metal-matrix composites, concrete, and boulders. In order to increase the machinability of some materials, this technique uses the impact of both awaterjet and abrasives. The reciprocating pump, which is used to pump clean water at an incredibly high pressure of 4000–6000 bar, is the key component of an abrasive-waterjet arrangement. The waterjet receives the abrasive particles from a hopper in the mixing chamber. Waterjet and abrasives work well together to cut or shape composite materials, Kevlar polymers, hardened steels, and some ceramic materials. In abrasive-waterjet machining, regulating the depth of cut presents the most difficulty.

Abrasive waterjet cutting

Pure Waterjet Cutting

To make 0.1 mm-wide slices, pure waterjet cutting heads exclusively use a high-pressure jet stream of water. The cutting head only consists of a pressure valve and orifice because this technique doesn't require the use of an abrasive. Up to 16 cutting heads can be mounted along a single beam. To ensure the system's smooth operation, the cutting head must be changed frequently because it is fragile.

Various materials can be sliced, drilled, and cleaned with water jet cutters. The high-pressure water flow or jet is guided by the waterjet cutter's end tool. Aerospace, automotive, electronic, food, textile, packaging, and other industries use water jet cutters extensively.

Pure water jet

Advantages of Waterjet Cutting

Waterjet cutting has a number of advantages and great options for both broad and highly specialized applications. The following are a few of the advantages:

  • Heat-free zone
  • High precision
  • No need for tool changes
  • Cost-effective process
  • No need to switch out tools
  • Process that is affordable, compatible with a variety of materials, and highly sustainable

High cutting accuracy is a benefit of waterjet cutting.

Even when constrained by strict standards, waterjet cut parts are of exceptionally good quality. A water jet cutting machine may produce parts with tolerances as tight as 0.025 mm (0.001 inches), however for pieces with a thickness of less than an inch, tolerances between 0.075 and 0.125 mm are more typical. Depending on the technology, tolerances may rise with thicker materials. Cutting speed, pressure, abrasive flow rate, and nozzle size are only a few of the variables that affect the final product's quality. For the best results, the process settings might need to be changed.

Pure waterjet and Abrasive waterjet cutting

No need to switch tools.

A waterjet cutter does not require the use of any cutting tools, and it can accommodate a variety of materials and thicknesses without changing the nozzle. The cutting stream characteristics, such as feed rate, are changed to reach the right cutting speed, allowing the same nozzle to be utilized for a variety of applications. The water jet cutting machine can cut several materials one after the other without needing to change tools, which increases operational efficiency by saving time and money on tools.

Cost-efficient method

In many applications, especially in the food business, waterjet cutting is more economical than alternative cutting techniques. The production speed is increased since fixtures, jigs, and clamps are not usually necessary. This method also has the advantage of allowing one to stack and cut multiple layers of material in a single pass. Stacking is a straightforward but efficient approach to increase part production because it may be done with materials that are not identical to one another. Additionally, cut parts don't need to be post-processed, which lowers the overall cost. There isn't much material waste produced by the operation.

Suitability for various materials

The type of material is not a restriction on the waterjet cutting technique, as was previously stated. As long as the proper process variables and abrasives are chosen, it can cut a variety of materials. This subject will be covered in more detail later on in the article.

Water Jet Food Cutting Machine

Materials Used for Cutting

  • Metals
  • Wood
  • Rubber
  • Ceramics
  • Glass
  • Stone and tiles
  • Food

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