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Water Jet Metal Cutting

A reliable source for Water Jet Metal Cutting information and leading Water Jet Metal Cutting Companies.

An engineering technique called water jet cutting uses the force of extremely fast, highly dense, and high-pressure water to cut objects. A small-bore nozzle (0.1 mm) with a maximum pressure of 392 MPa (or around 4,000 atmospheres) projects the water. A water jet with devastating force is created when water that has been compressed by an ultra high-pressure pump travels at a speed that is roughly three times the speed of sound. Read More…

Water Jet Metal Cutting Water jet cutting is strong enough to cut through nearly any material, including metal.
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Leading Manufacturers

Bellmawr, NJ  |  800-210-5000

For over 100 years, Mercer Gasket & Shim has been a leader in the waterjet cutting industry. Our highly equipped professionals work alongside our customers to ensure that we are meeting their needs. Mercers Gasket & Shim has perfected our techniques over the years in order to serve the needs of diverse markets.

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Mercer Gasket & Shim $$$

Tucker, GA  |  866-500-6098

Cutting Experts has worked with our clients to custom make products for their needs since 1977. We have expert staff, a wide variety of materials, and the best technology available. Our clients work hand in hand with our experts to create a product that has unrivaled craftsmanship. As the industry grows, Cutting Experts strives to continuously be the best in the industry.

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Cutting Experts $$$

Kearny, NE  |  308-627-6533

Mach 1 Manufacturing is one of the best waterjet cutting manufacturers in the industry. Our advanced technology and expert team allow us to cut complicated, detailed designs into a wide range of materials. Our large waterjet cutting bed is 24 feet by 6 feet and can cut materials that are up to 8 inches thick.

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Mach 1 Manufacturing $$$

Anaheim, CA  |  714-278-9874

Advanced Waterjet & Laser is a precision waterjet cutting and laser engraving shop that has the capacity to cut virtually any solid up to 6" thick including stone, plastic and metals. We have developed a very successful glass cutting technique as well. We cater to the smaller run with no minimums. What can we cut for you?

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Advanced Waterjet & Laser $$$

Glens Falls, NY  |  518-798-5462

Barton International is a leading manufacturer and provider of abrasive blasting and waterjet cutting services. With more than 142 years of operation and five generations of the Barton family's leadership, we have cemented ourselves as one of the most trustworthy names in the industry. Today, we have forty stocking locations across North America and have expanded our product offering to more than 3000 Waterjet parts. Visit our website to learn more about our products or make an order.

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Barton International $$$

Grand Rapids, MI  |  616-453-4360

Precision Wire EDM has been a leader in the waterjet cutting industry since 1991. We are known throughout the industry for our high quality and fast turnaround times. In addition, precision Wire EDM offers 24/7 service to help meet the needs of our customers. We are ISO 9001:2015 certified.

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Precision Wire EDM $$$
placeholder image Mercer Gasket & Shim Cutting Experts Mach 1 Manufacturing Advanced Waterjet & Laser Barton International Precision Wire EDM

For example, water jet cutting is used to effectively cut shapes and parts in the aerospace and automotive industries. A granular abrasive is supplied to the water jet to strengthen the cutting force when cutting extremely hard materials.

Water Jet Cutting Head

How Water Jet Cutting is performed

Water jet cutting occurs either as abrasive or pure water jet cutting.

Water Jet Cutting Process

Pure Water Jet Cutting

Soft metals like aluminum can also be cut using the pure water jet cutting method. Pure water jet cutting doesn’t use abrasive material, making it better to cut softer metals like aluminum. In this instance, the water penetrates the material under its pressure and velocity. The streams are exceedingly thin, ranging in diameter from 0.004 to 0.010 inches, and they offer incredible precision with minimal material loss. Cutting forces are quite modest, and fixturing is frequently straightforward. These devices work best when used around-the-clock. It is crucial to understand the stream’s velocity, not pressure, erodes small granules of material. To reach a high velocity, pressurized water travels through a tiny hole in a jewel attached to the end of the nozzle, usually a sapphire, ruby, or diamond.

Pure Water Jet Cutting

Abrasive Water Jet Cutting

Water jet cutting uses abrasives such as aluminum oxide or garnet. Abrasive media is introduced to the water stream from a small mixing chamber inside the cutting head. Added abrasives make it possible to cut Ceramics, metals, stones, and thick polymers with water jet cutters. However, refrain from using abrasive water to cut glass and diamonds. glass will shatter under an abrasive water jet cutter.

The abrasive particles do most of the material removal. Abrasive streams have a diameter of between 0.020 inch and 0.050 inch, making them bigger than their pure water jet cousins. They can cut materials and stacks up to 10 inches thick without producing any mechanical strains or heat-affected zones. Cutting forces for abrasive streams are still less than one pound despite their increasing strength. Almost all abrasive jet tasks employ a single jet setup, and switching from a single to several heads or even from abrasive to pure water jet is simple.

Abrasive Water Jet Cutting

Advantages of Water Jet Cutting

  • No other cutting technique can compete with the superior quality parts produced by water jet cutting. The edges don't require debarring because they are smooth. Cutting speed, pressure, abrasive flow rate, and nozzle size are only a few of the variables that affect the final product's quality. For the best results, the process settings might need to be changed.
  • High cutting accuracy is a benefit of water jet cutting. Even when constrained by strict standards, water jet cut parts are of exceptionally good quality. This is beneficial when fabricating metal products because it ensures we get the perfect final product.
  • Due to the cold cutting technology used in waterjet cutting, there is no heat-impacted zone (HAZ). As a result, cold cutting makes clean cuts possible and greatly improves operator safety by lowering the possibility of burns.
  • No material distortion: The cold cutting technique avoids heat exposure, which is crucial for materials like metal. This results in a fine cut without material distortion. In addition, this produces a clean, burr-free cut.
  • There is no additional finishing step: An additional finishing process is avoided because of the initial high-cutting quality that guarantees a precise output. This greatly shortens the cutting process and saves time, improving efficiency.

Water Jet Metal Cutting Informational Video

 
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